Steel Made Steel made
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Creating Steel HowStuffWorks
The advantage of steel over iron is greatly improved strength. The openhearth furnace is one way to create steel from pig iron. The pig iron limestone and iron ore go into an openhearth furnace. It is heated to about 1600 degrees F 871 degrees C . The limestone and ore form a slag that floats on the surface.
Products Made from Iron Ore
Iron can also be converted into steel one of the most popular finished products of Iron ore with 98 of all iron ore mined going to its production. Iron ore is primarily mined and refined through a process called smelting. Smelting is a heating process in which the Iron ore is heated along with coke charcoal and limestone in a blast furnace.
Steel is an alloy made up of iron with typically a few tenths of a percent of carbon to improve its strength and fracture resistance compared to other forms of iron. Many other elements may be present or added. Stainless steels that are corrosion and oxidationresistant need typically an additional 11 chromium.
Making Steel from Iron Ore YouTube
Mike Blue Randall Graham Ric Furrer making steel at Larry Harley 39s in May 2006. Lecture and Demonstration. Filmed by Christopher Price of The Tidewater